AskDefine | Define ibid

Dictionary Definition

ibid. adv : in the same place (used when citing a reference) [syn: ib., ibidem]

User Contributed Dictionary


  1. ibidem; ("in the same place"); used in footnotes etc to refer to a previously cited source reference

Extensive Definition

Ibid. (Latin, short for ibidem, "the same place") is the term used to provide an endnote or footnote citation or reference for a source that was cited in the preceding endnote or footnote. It is similar in meaning to idem (meaning something that has been mentioned previously; the same) abbreviated "Id.," which is commonly used in legal citation.
To find the ibid. source, one has to look at the reference right before it, and so ibid. serves a similar purpose to ditto marks (〃, ", do.).


  • 4. E. Vijh, Latin for dummies (New York: Academic, 1997), 23.
  • 5. Ibid.
  • 6. Ibid., at 29.
The reference in no. 5 is the same as in no. 4 (E. Vijh, "Latin for dummies" on page 23), whereas the reference in no. 6 refers to the same work but at a different location, namely page 29. Intervening entries require a reference to the original citation in the form "Ibid. ," (e.g. "8. Ibid. 4" or "8. Ibid 4, at 34")

See also

ibid in German: Ebenda
ibid in Estonian: Ibid.
ibid in Spanish: Ibídem (vocablo latino)
ibid in French: Ibid
ibid in Italian: Ibidem
ibid in Dutch: Ibid
ibid in Japanese: Ibid
ibid in Norwegian: Ibid
ibid in Polish: Idem
ibid in Slovak: Ibidem
ibid in Slovenian: Ibid.
ibid in Swedish: Ibidem
ibid in Turkish: Ibid
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